Coyote (Canis latrans)
The coyote is a carnivorous mammal native to North America. Coyotes average between 18 to 44 pounds.
The diet consists mainly of animal meat such as deer, rabbits, rodents, birds and reptiles. They may also eat fruits and vegetables. Coyotes in urban areas have preyed upon small dogs and cats. The coyote lives either in packs of unrelated individuals or family units often using abandoned dens created by skunks or other burrowing mammals for birthing.
The dens can be found under abandoned shacks, sheds, and hollow logs. The dens are continuously dug and cleaned out by the female until the pups are born. They are monogamous with the male providing food to the pregnant female. The female coyote ‘s gestation period is 63 days with an average litter of six pups. The dens are abandoned by June or July but can be used year after year.
Coyote carry a large number of diseases and parasites. Viral diseases include rabies, canine distemper and infectious canine hepatitis. They can also be infected with sarcoptic mange, tapeworms and fleas.